US-Canada Agreement on Asylum Seekers: Impact on Citizens and Indian Asylum Seekers
The United States and Canada have reached an agreement that will allow both countries to divert asylum seekers from their borders. The deal is set to be announced by President Biden and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau after their meeting in Ottawa. The agreement removes one of the relatively few disputes between Mr. Trudeau and Mr. Biden. The two leaders are also expected to discuss differences over how to stabilize Haiti, and the global race to develop critical minerals needed to make batteries and other technology. This article will explore the impact of the US-Canada agreement on asylum seekers on citizens of both countries and Indian asylum seekers who wish to move to Canada and the USA.
IMPACT OF THE US-CANADA AGREEMENT ON CITIZENS OF THE USA AND CANADA
The US-Canada agreement on asylum seekers will have a direct impact on the citizens of both countries. For Canada, the agreement will allow the country to turn back immigrants at Roxham Road, a popular unofficial crossing point from New York for migrants seeking asylum in Canada. In exchange, Canada has agreed to provide a new, legal refugee program for 15,000 migrants who are fleeing violence, persecution, and economic devastation in South and Central America, lessening the pressure of illegal crossings into the United States from Mexico.
For the US, the agreement could help lessen the record number of migrants who have surged toward the southern U.S. border through Mexico, driven by political instability across the region and economic changes that have increased poverty. The idea is that the agreement would divert up to 15,000 migrants each year from that dangerous trek, leaving the Biden administration with fewer migrants to turn away. The agreement will allow Canada to turn back to the United States migrants who have decided to try their luck with the Canadian asylum system rather than win protection in the United States.
IMPACT OF THE US-CANADA AGREEMENT ON INDIAN ASYLUM SEEKERS
Indian asylum seekers who wish to move to Canada or the USA will also be impacted by the US-Canada agreement on asylum seekers. Asylum seekers who come from other countries by plane or by ship are not covered by the agreement regardless of where they enter. They are comparatively few in number and, in many cases, are detained until their hearings. However, Indians who wish to seek asylum in Canada or the USA will have to follow the legal process of the country they wish to enter.
For Indians who wish to move to Canada, the country has been accepting refugees from Syria and elsewhere and has pledged to increase immigration, earning Canada a reputation as being more open to migrants than many other Western nations. But over the past year, as migration has swelled at Canada’s border, there are signs that the country’s famed hospitality toward migrants may be fraying. The nearly 40,000 migrants who crossed into the country last year have given Canada a small taste of the challenges that other Western countries have faced in settling refugees and prompted Mr. Trudeau’s opponents to call for him to renegotiate a key agreement on asylum seekers with the United States.
For Indians who wish to move to the USA, the situation is more complex. The Biden administration has been welcoming immigrants and has taken steps to reduce the backlog of asylum cases. However, Indian asylum seekers will have to go through a rigorous legal process to gain entry into the country. The US-Canada agreement on asylum seekers will not directly impact Indian asylum seekers, but it is an indication of the policies that the Biden administration is likely to implement.
The agreement between the United States and Canada represents a significant shift in the management of asylum seekers at their shared border. While Canada will now be able to turn back migrants at unofficial crossing points, the country has also agreed to provide a legal refugee program for those fleeing violence, persecution, and economic devastation in South and Central America. This deal is expected to ease the pressure of illegal crossings into the United States from Mexico and could help the Biden administration lessen the record number of migrants who have surged toward the southern U.S. border. Ultimately, the agreement underscores the importance of cooperation and unity between the two countries.
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